Timeless patterns of human limitations
Through the lenses of evolutionary biology and cultural evolution, small groups of 20 to 100 people are the primary organisms within human society – in contrast to individuals, corporations, and nation states. The implications for our civilisation are profound. Humanity is experiencing a phase transition that is catalysed by a combination of new communication technologies, toxic levels of social inequalities, and existential crises.
It is time to put ubiquitous global digital connectivity to good use, to curate and share the lessons from marginalised perspectives, and to reflect critically on the human evolutionary journey and on the possibilities and limitations of human agency.
The journey of exponentially accelerating cultural evolution presented in this book covers several hundred thousand years, from the origins of humans right up to the latest significant developments in the early 21st century. Regardless of what route we choose, on this planet no one is in control. The force of life is distributed and decentralised, and it might be a good idea to organise and collaborate accordingly.
Becoming conscious of human cognitive limits and recognising that these limits are just as real, immutable, and relevant for our survival as the laws of physics may allow us to avoid the fate of earlier civilisations, and to embark on a path of radical energy descent.
To make The Beauty of Collaboration at Human Scale widely available to members of the autistic community, you can download a copy of the book free of charge if you fill in the form on this page, to confirm that you openly identify as neurodivergent and agree for your identity to be published in a list of autistic and neurodivergent people on the AutCollab.org website.
Some of the content in the book has been published in earlier articles, but the book offers a unique chronological perspective on human cultural evolution, and it adds the glue needed to establish important semantic connections across discipline boundaries.
In many ways the book is an Autistic Collaboration project. The book offers tools for finding viable paths into a more neurodiversity friendly future and concludes with a wonderful quote from an article written by Pip Carroll, in the lead up to the prolonged but ultimately very successful lock-down in Melbourne:
A caring society does not value the individual for their ability to return economic value, but simply for existing as their own imperfect self. We can’t choose to be cared for any more than we can choose to win the lottery. We can only hope to develop the quality in others by offering care ourselves. Trusting that care, once given is ordained to return to another in need.
First, the overall sense that came across to me, what struck me as the book’s central message, the Big Idea that I expect will stick with me over time:
It is a deep de-pathologizing of autism—i.e., it goes far beyond the message that I’ve encountered so far, which is a much weaker “autism is an acceptable (even if odd, quirky) human variation.” In contrast, your book goes all the way to “autism is a crucially, vitally, urgently needed human variation—a powerful corrective and counterbalance to the hierarchical, dominance-based mentality currently driving human society and the planet off the rails.”
I don’t know if that is your intended main message (I hope I’m not too far off), but it is certainly a message that comes across loud and clear to me from your writing; and it is a message I find extremely compelling, helpful, and new.
You then back up this message with a huge number of examples contrasting neurotypical and autistic (and aboriginal) approaches, values, tendencies, and so on; and with a huge number of practical examples of how the autistic approach can be translated into real-world organizations, relationships, protocols, methodologies, frameworks, and so on. All of this makes it very clear that autists have genuine, and important, urgently-needed skills and abilities, especially related to collaborating in ways that are beneficial for society and the planet —because they are in alignment with broad evolutionary principles.
A major corollary of the main idea (again, as I understood it) is your description of neurotypical and neuronormative traits. The most striking idea that came across to me in this regard is: the neurotypical mode of being is a communicational learning disability. That is quite a shocking way to put it, but you make an excellent case for it. It’s a radical idea but it rings true.
Beyond the “learning disability” idea, the more general sense I got about the contrast between the two neurotypes is that autism corresponds to a “non-civilized,” collaborative, egalitarian, diversity-honoring, exploratory, honest, non-self-promoting mode; and neuronormativity corresponds to the modern type who is individualistic, hierarchical, competitive, dominating, exploitative, bullying, conformist, deceptive, and ruthlessly (even pathologically) obsessed with social ranking.
You also clearly emphasize that a hugely important part of the bullying, conformist deception of neurotypicals is the pathologizing of autists—and you do a great job dismantling that deception.
Actually, you don’t even stop at showing how autistic collaborative styles could counteract much of what ails the world today. You go even farther and make a convincing case that, by removing social power structures/barriers (which undermine the free flow of ideas), a wonderful kind of evolutionary-collaborative play could unfold and produce all kinds of new possibilities and “living systems.” This, too, is totally new to me—and just plain wonderful and inspiring. It’s a beautiful vision of human potential!
Another recurring theme is “psychological safety,” which seems particularly important to making your vision and specific proposals work.
On the practical, applied level, you present (and create new language/conceptual frameworks for) an organic, life-mimicking approach to business ventures—modeled on biological-evolutionary structures/processes/systems—i.e., business as a part of nature rather than opposed to it.
You are also helping me to see the role of scale more clearly than I have before. I think you’re right, in a fully literal sense, when you say that our cognitive limits (relative to scale) are as “real, immutable, and relevant for our survival as the laws of physics.” When you put it that way—in terms of immutable laws—you are giving a warning: “There’s no getting around this or ‘outsmarting’ this!” Modernity is full of the lie that reality is endlessly mutable—that we can just pick and choose whatever we like; that we can always get away with bending reality to our will; and that this is actually a noble and “progressive” pursuit.
In an overarching organizational sense, the two main components to the book seemed to be: first, a comparison of neurotypical and neurodiverse styles or modes of being (the relative benefits and liabilities associated with them); and second, a presentation of an organic-evolutionary approach to collaborative ventures that draws from the autistic mode. You present these two main components in a closely-linked and mutually reinforcing manner. This adds up to a powerful argument.
To summarize my overall sense of the book’s message, it is a real tour de force of collaborative, diversity-, community-, and planet-inclusive thinking and practice/application—as opposed to the usual, competitive, self-serving, elitist model. It makes the strongest possible case that autistic/neurodiverse thinking and collaborating styles have a critically important role to play as an antidote to the currently dominant neurotypical social-ranking/dominance approach—a critically important role to play in bringing modern society back into some kind of sustainable balance, functionality, social justice, and sanity (which had always been the human norm for countless generations).
Thank you again, Jorn. You don’t even know me but you’ve done more for me than I can say.
I wish you the best with your NeurodiVentures and all your other ventures and adventures. I hope your book reaches a wide audience. If it does, I’m sure it will have a very beneficial effect.
– Greg Sellei, United States
It is possible to hypothesise that the slow downfall of homo sapiens commenced with the delusional belief that dominates the Abrahamanic religions – that “man” has dominion over the earth and her flora and fauna. “Man” has evolved to be a white (Caucasian) upper-middle class cis-male living the fantasy that the trickle-down effect of capitalism benefits all humans.
Humans concomitantly rape the earth deceiving themselves that her resources are infinite and commit violence against each other to compete for control of those “infinite” resources. That alone says a great deal about the ability of the human brain to hold competing beliefs simultaneously, beliefs that are in fact not in the best self-interest of the longterm survival of the human species on the planet.
Humans are becoming increasingly myopic which raises the question: at what point does this myopia become etched in human DNA? Has it already done so? At what point did self-interest outbreed collective interest? When did neuronormativity (neuromajorative thinking) shift from the benefits of the group or community to the rights of the competing individual?
I have been pondering these kinds of questions since I was about nine years old. Why do homo sapiens choose the counterproductive path in their demand for their individual rights? Even when they know the consequence of demanding their rights is a loss of rights for another(s)? Why couldn’t I find another human who thought collaboratively like me? Who thought collaboratively all the time not just when convenient or prescribed?
My Autism diagnosis a few years ago at the age of 67 provided many of the answers and this book provides more important others. Contemporary neuronormative thinking is founded on individual rights at all costs including the mindless violence of various forms of warfare. It wasn’t until reading this book that I made the connection: the neuromajority needs to be pathologize Autists to silence us – we are the enemy against whom war is raged lest we speak of such “heresies” as collaboration and mutual respect. Yet if we don’t talk of these “heresies”, we may not as a species have a future on this planet. Autists are essential to the future of homo sapiens.
– Morgan, Australia
Table of Content
Part I – Homo symbolicus
- Human origins
- Human scale patterns
- The human lens
- Super-human scale patterns
- Loose end : Loss of complexity
Part II – Homo economicus
- Automated labour
- Industrial society
- Loose end : Exponential growth
- Digital information society
- Loose end : Loss of tacit knowledge
- Liquidation society
- Loose end : Loss of semantics
Part III – Homo ecologus
- Thought experiment : Knowledge society
- Addressing the loose ends
- Human scale patterns, second edition
- Transitioning to human scale
Jorn Bettin is an autistic anthropologist by birth and a knowledge archaeologist by autodidactic training. He has a background in mathematics. His current work focuses on the co-design of new community-oriented and patient centric models of care. He is part of the Autistic Collaboration Trust – a global mutual support hub for neurodivergent individuals and ventures.